- Diabetes occurs when there is too much glucose (sugar) in the blood.
- This happens because:
- the pancreas stops producing insulin (Type 1 diabetes)
- or the insulin produced is not effective in transporting glucose from the blood to the body's cells (Type 2 diabetes)
- Diabetes can cause serious health problems (damage to the eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves, feet) if it is not well controlled.
- Good diabetes care can reduce the risk of developing these complications.